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Supercell Storm Chase - Revised March 1998 with radar and video stills: Saturday 28th October 1995
by Jimmy Deguara


At the time this article was written, not much evidence was available to illustrate the true significance of this storm. Recently, radar imagery related to this storm supplied courtesy of the Bureau of Meteorology have resparked interest in this storm, particularly the hook echo observed for a period of at least 10 minutes.

Consequently, this article has been reviewed to include the radar imagery and photographs which were first thought to be insignificant. Also included are important times that were critical to certain parts of our storm chase and associated observations.

Radar showing a hook echo just west of Camden at 4.15pm local time. Click on the image for a sequence of images including an animation, and comments by NSW meteorologists

Earlier observations

The day began with cirrostratus areas: some being the reminiscence of tops from weak thundery activity of the previous day. There also was a thick haze, mostly consisting of moisture or pollution, smudging the view to the Blue Mountains.

Around midday, cumulus towers to the southwest developed into weak thundery showers that dissipated by 1pm. One thundery shower that developed near Richmond persisted and headed east towards the Northern Suburbs. It produced some heavy rain and pea sized hail. An interesting feature of the storm was that low cloud developed at the rear flank below a rain free base and formed into a lowered base. However, it did not appear like a tornado or lowered wall cloud. I decided not to chase this storm but photograph it nevertheless.

Unusual rear flank in this storm cloud to the north of Schofields about 2:30pm. Photograph by Jimmy Deguara

Storm Chase Account of the Supercell

I also watched the development of two adjacent large thunderstorms to the south off the coast near Wollongong, and to the southwest barely visible through the haze. The rear tops of the anvil of the southern storm, although barely visible, had a rounded like shape and lead me to believe it may be a supercell. The front anvils were facing northeast indicating their line of movement. However, only the anvil of the thunderstorm to the southwest was visible. The time of these observations was around 3pm.

As this thunderstorm approached, it began to reveal its true features with its tops exploding towards the north. At 3:30pm, I initiated a storm chase and rang my friend Geoff to inform him of the situation (Michael Bath was unfortunately unavailable for this chase). After picking up Geoff, we headed for Rooty Hill to pursue what was promising to be a massive storm. Geoff seemed surprised with this storm to the south as he had focused his attention on the storm to the north and had no view of the supercell anyway. "This storm will definitely have hail in it", I prompted Geoff as I pointed out the expanding tops.

At the top of Rooty Hill, I photographed another storm to the north although it was quite weak: something to do as the thick haze was obscuring the view of the supercell's structure. The anvil was streaming well off the coast.

As some low developing stratocumulus cloud obscured the sun, we were able to get a better view of the cloud top with greater contrast. I took a few photographs of the expanding top but could only fit a very small portion because of its immense size and because we were so close.

Photograph of the crisp side anvil spreading north.

The third photograph shows the region above the inflow band although the rain free base is not visible. A gap between this cloud structure and the rest of the supercell is visible. These photographs were taken around 3:55pm to 4:10pm.

Upon getting a better view of the storm's main features, we decided to head towards Penrith to locate on the northern side of the storm which is where most wall clouds and tornadoes develop, if any do develop. This proved to be a costly decision in terms of lost time. It also meant we missed out on all the best high contrast photograph opportunites of this cloud free base! As we headed west along the F4 freeway, I also blew the opportunity of heading down Mamre Road towards Kemps Creek as I was not familiar with the road at the time. Mamre Road would have perfectly positioned us to view and photograph this most spectacular sight.

Fortunately, some video was captured of the high contrast supercell features as it passed to the south and southeast of Oakhurst. Click this image for a sequence of 17 video stills of the approaching supercell.

Instead, we travelled further to Penrith and observed the spectacular, high contrast rain free base cloud as we travelled along the freeway. Unfortunately, no photographs were taken of it even whilst in motion. It was not clear whether there was a wall cloud or not. We turned down the Northern Road, and back east towards Kemps Creek along Elizabeth Drive. The storm had intensified dramatically and I kept watch of other thunderstorms rapidly developing to the west and northwest. The last thing you want is to be chased by a storm!

Looking west from Kings Cross to a massive anvil plume from the advancing supercell. Time: 4.30pm. Photo by Michael Bath

Around 4:40pm, we were driving into Kemps Creek, and ran into wind squalls and misty drizzle followed by heavy rain and some hail, 2-3cm in diameter. Because of the reduced visibility and possible damage to the car, I decided to head off Elizabeth Drive and onto Mamre Road (the other end!!!). I told Geoff to look up the street directory for any other roads off Mamre Roads that would take us to some good vantage points as I knew the storm and hail would not affect this region. We travelled off Mamre Road onto Arlington Road and I took further shots of the main tower and precipitation cascade one kilometre away. It also allowed for some breathing space and time to decide our next move.

Some low cloud was streaming from this storm and heading into the ones developing to our west, probably around a few hundred metres above the ground.

At around 5:00pm, we decided to continue chasing the storm which was now rapidly heading east. But because of traffic and the fact that the storm by this point had changed direction and increased in speed, we missed out on that opportunity. However, we were able to observe the aftermath of the storm: mostly severe runoff and leaves and twigs stripped from trees indicating some areas of larger sized hail. Some hail still lay on the grass or in the bushland.

My mind then turned on the darkening skies to our west, and the other approaching thunderstorms. After travelling along Cowpasture Road, we headed west towards Horsely Park along Horsley Drive. It was Geoff's job again to find a high vantage point to our west, and suggested that Jamieson Road would be the go. He was right. This spot allowed us to view the spectacular precipitation cascade and adjacent to it a roll cloud. After a few photos, we decided that the very severe bolts of lightning was enough warning that we should head north along Wallgrove Road and back towards Rooty Hill. This again placed us into an uninteresting and low contrast region of the storm.

In the middle of the supercell and an approaching squall line at Horsley Park at about 5:20pm looking W-NW. Photo by Jimmy Deguara

We passed through some heavy rain around Rooty Hill and Plumpton. At this point, I decided it was best to head for Quakers Hill for some easterly views of the back end of the storm. After a few last photos from Corbin Avenue, we decided that two and half hours was enough, and we headed home.

Hail photos by Bert Garcia of Bonnyrigg showing large hail (left) soon after the storm struck, and the quantity of hail (right) towards the end of the event.


This storm was significant in many ways. First, backed up by the hook echo observed on radar images by meteorologists at the Bureau of Meteorology, I had earlier observed two separate supercells that had developed and split from one thunderstorm near Picton. This particular storm was what is known as the left mover. ie. it veered to the left as viewed from the rear of the storm.

Second, it was the first supercell we had chased, providing us with valuable experience in chasing future potentially more severe supercells in the future. The last supercells to strike the Sydney region were the March 18, 1990 hailstorm that devastated Auburn, and the January 21st 1991 storm that devastated Turramurra.

Finally, this storm provided a lesson for observing and identifying future supercell storms. It also allowed me to reflect on previous thunderstorms in the mid 1980's that contained structures resembling this storm. I had always wondered if they were really supercells.

Besides the few hiccups of spoiled photographic opportunities, this storm chase was a total success. We were at no time in danger of being chased by the storm.

Reports from the areas affected by the storm are as follows:

Hail 3-4cm at Abbotsbury, Bonnyrigg
Hail 2-3cm at Oran Park, Oakdale (car damage) Bringelly, Rossmore, Liverpool, Cecil Park, Kemps Creek, Parramatta
Hail 2cm at Wentworthville, Parramatta, Auburn, Eastwood
Hail 1-2cm at Penrith, Seven Hills, St. Ives
Pea sized hail occurred at St. Marys, Blacktown
Hail was also reported from Bankstown, Camden, Pymble, Neutral Bay
Reports of damage to roof tiles indicate that larger hail may have occurred
There were 77 call outs for the SES mainly near Camden and Campbelltown

Rainfall amounts for the 24 hours to 9am on the 29th were not significant in total due to the speed the storm moved. Some of the higher totals were:

12mm Bowral
15mm Darkes Forest (probably from the other half of the split storm moving east)
9mm Robertson
12mm Bankstown
14mm Granville
12mm Merrylands
13mm Epping
16mm Belrose
17mm Frenchs Forest (highest in the state)
14mm Avalon
9mm Sydney

Synoptic Charts

Synoptic Charts provided by the Bureau of Meteorology

MSL Analysis 7 am Eastern Standard Time

MSL Analysis 1 pm Eastern Standard Time

MSL Analysis 4 pm Eastern Standard Time

Of course, if anyone has photographs, video footage, newspaper articles or information and accounts about this storm (or any storm) and would like to send it along, we would very much appreciate it.

[Radar Images of the Supercell] [Video Stills of the Supercell]

Document: 9803-02.htm
Updated: 14th January, 2003
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