Tropical Cyclones
Main Index Home Page Stock Weather Photos Australian Severe Weather Forum Storm News and Storm Chasing Reports Tropical Cyclones / Hurricanes / Typhoons Weather Data and Links Wild Fires / Bushfires Weather Observation Techniques Weather Picture Catalogue Tornado Pictures and Reports Stock Video Footage and DVDs for sale
Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary June 2005
[Summaries and Track Data] [Prepared by Gary Padgett]


                               JUNE, 2005

  (For general comments about the nature of these summaries, as well as
  information on how to download the tabular cyclone track files, see
  the Author's Note at the end of this summary.)


                              JUNE HIGHLIGHTS

   --> Two June Atlantic storms for first time since 1986
   --> Impressive typhoon recurves east of the Philippines
   --> Two minor Eastern North Pacific tropical storms


                 ***** Feature of the Month for June *****

                        FOR THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE

     Following is a tabular summary of all the tropical depressions
  and tropical cyclones which occurred in the Southern Hemisphere
  between 1 July 2004 and 30 June 2005 as reported in the Monthly
  Global Tropical Cyclone Summaries prepared by the author.

    (1) Number - this is the sequential cyclone number assigned by JTWC
        in Hawaii.

    (2) Name - the name (if any) assigned by the responsible Tropical
        Cyclone Warning Centre.  For systems in the South Indian Ocean
        west of 90E and in the Southwest Pacific east of 160E which were
        unnamed, the alphanumeric designator applied by La Reunion or
        Fiji, respectively, is given in this column.

    (3) Dates - range of dates for which tracking information for the 
        cyclone is available in the Global Tropical Cyclone Tracks files
        prepared by the author.  The dates given in most cases refer to
        the time the system was in warning status and generally do not
        include the pre-depression stages of the disturbance.

    (4) Pressure - Lowest central pressure (either estimated or recorded)
        during the lifetime of the cyclone.  An asterisk (*) following
        the pressure indicates the reading was an actual measured
        pressure.   Central pressure is given in millibars, which is
        numerically equivalent to hectopascals.

    (5) MSW 1-min avg - maximum 1-minute average sustained windspeed in 
        knots as assigned by JTWC.  An asterisk (*) following the MSW
        indicates that it was an actual measured value.

    (6) MSW 10-min avg - maximum 10-minute average sustained windspeed
        in knots as assigned by the responsible Tropical Cyclone Warning
        Centre.  An asterisk (*) following the MSW indicates that it was
        an actual measured value.

    (7) Basins - tropical cyclone basins where the cyclone tracked during
        its life:

        SWI - Southwest Indian Ocean - West of 90E
        AUW - Northwest Australia/Southeast Indian Ocean - 90E to 135E
        AUE - Northeast Australia/Coral Sea - 135E to 160E
        SPA - South Pacific Ocean - East of 160E
        SAT - South Atlantic Ocean

     A number in parentheses (e.g. (1) ) following an entry refers to
  a note following the entries for the given basin.   A separate table
  is given for each of the four Southern Hemisphere basins.

     Abbreviations for Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres:

  JTWC -    Joint Typhoon Warning Center, formerly on Guam, now at
            Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
  MFR -     Meteo France Reunion (RSMC La Reunion)
  RSMC -    Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre


                          SOUTHWEST INDIAN OCEAN

 JTWC    NAME                DATES          CENT    MSW   MSW    BASIN
 NUM                                        PRS   1-MIN 10-MIN
                                            (mb)   (kts) (kts)

 02S  (MFR-02)              25-29 Oct        996     35    30    SWI
 03S  Arola                 07-13 Nov        976     75    60    SWI
 04S  Bento                 20-30 Nov        905    140   120    SWI
 ---  (MFR-05)              11 Dec          1000     --    25    SWI (1)
 06S  Chambo                23 Dec-02 Jan    945     95    85    SWI
 ---  (MFR-07)              04-05 Jan        998     --    30    SWI
 12S  Ernest                17-25 Jan        940    100    90    SWI
 11S  Daren                 17-22 Jan        988     45    40    SWI
 ---  Felapi                26 Jan-02 Feb    995     --    35    SWI
 14S  Gerard                28 Jan-05 Feb    973     60    60    SWI
 ---  (MFR-13)              04-08 Feb        997     --    30    SWI
 ---  (MFR-14)              08-17 Feb       1000     --    25    SWI
 ---  (MFR-15)              24-28 Feb        998     --    30    SWI
 24S  Hennie                21-29 Mar        980     65    55    SWI
 25S  Isang                 29 Mar-07 Apr    975     55    60    SWI


 (1) System was a short-lived subtropical disturbance.


 JTWC    NAME                DATES          CENT    MSW   MSW    BASIN
 NUM                                        PRS   1-MIN 10-MIN
                                            (mb)   (kts) (kts)

 01S  Phoebe                31 Aug-04 Sep    984     55    50     SWI/AUW
 05S  -----                 02-07 Dec        998     40    30     AUW
 07S  Raymond               31 Dec-03 Jan    990     50    45     AUW
 09S  Sally                 07-10 Jan        988     40    45     AUW
 10S  -----                 13-19 Jan        998     35    30     AUW (1)
 13S  Tim                   23-26 Jan        988     35    45     AUW
 17S  Vivienne              05-10 Feb        990     35    45     AUW
 23S  Willy                 09-17 Mar        960     90    80     AUW
 26S  Adeline-Juliet        01-14 Apr        905    130   120     AUW/SWI


 (1) Some peripheral gales were associated with this system.


                     NORTHEAST AUSTRALIA / CORAL SEA

 JTWC    NAME                DATES          CENT    MSW   MSW    BASIN
 NUM                                        PRS   1-MIN 10-MIN
                                            (mb)   (kts) (kts)

 ---  -----                 19-25 Jan        997     --    40     AUE (1)
 16P  Harvey                05-14 Feb        965     50    85     AUE
 22P  Ingrid                05-19 Mar        925    135   120     AUE/AUW
 ---  -----                 14-15 Apr        993     --    45     AUE (2)


 (1) This system had two lives:  the first as a weak but well-defined
     tropical LOW inland over the Cape York Peninsula.  The latter
     portion occurred over water and peripheral gales were reported,
     but the system did not then have the structure of a true tropical

 (2) System occurred in Port Moresby's AOR but no warnings were issued by
     that agency.  The CP and MSW reported above were taken from gale
     warnings issued by BoM Brisbane.


                            SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN

 JTWC    NAME                DATES          CENT    MSW   MSW    BASIN
 NUM                                        PRS   1-MIN 10-MIN
                                            (mb)   (kts) (kts)

 ---  (01F)                 28-30 Oct       1001     --    25     SPA (1)
 ---  (02F)                 03-14 Dec       1000     --    30     SPA (2)
 ---  (03F)                 05-10 Dec       1003     --    25     SPA
 ---  Judy                  22-27 Dec        989     --    40     SPA
 08P  Kerry                 03-15 Jan        960     90    75     SPA/AUE
 ---  Lola                  26 Jan-02 Feb    990     --    40     SPA
 15P  Meena                 02-08 Feb        915    125   115     SPA
 18P  Nancy                 10-18 Feb        935    125   110     SPA
 19P  Olaf                  10-23 Feb        915    145   125     SPA
 20P  Percy                 24 Feb-05 Mar    900    140   125     SPA
 ---  (11F)                 26-27 Feb        998     --    30     SPA (2)
 21P  Rae                   27 Feb-08 Mar    990     35    40     SPA
 ---  (13F)                 27 Feb-04 Mar   1001     --    --     SPA (3)
 ---  (14F)                 14 Apr-01 May   1000     --    30     SPA
 ---  Sheila                20-23 Apr        995     --    40     SPA
 ---  (17F)                 26 Apr-01 May   1007     --    --     SPA (3)
 ---  (18F)                 29 Apr-01 May   1006     --    --     SPA (3)


 (1) This system drifted westward in the early days of November into
     Brisbane's AOR.  That warning centre mentioned the LOW in its daily
     tropical weather outlook for several days but gave no coordinates.

 (2) Some peripheral gales were associated with these systems.

 (3) No MSW specified in the Tropical Disturbance Summaries issued by
     RSMC Nadi for these systems.

                            ACTIVITY BY BASINS

  ATLANTIC (ATL) - North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico

  Activity for June:  2 tropical storms

                        Sources of Information

     Most of the information presented below was obtained from the
  various tropical cyclone products issued by the Tropical Prediction
  Center/National Hurricane Center (TPC/NHC) in Miami, Florida:
  discussions, public advisories, forecast/advisories, tropical weather
  outlooks, special tropical disturbance statements, etc.    Some
  additional information may have been gleaned from the monthly
  summaries prepared by the hurricane specialists and available on
  TPC/NHC's website.     All references to sustained winds imply a
  1-minute averaging period unless otherwise noted.

                    Atlantic Tropical Activity for June

     The month of June produces a tropical storm about every other year
  on the average in the Atlantic basin with a hurricane forming only about
  every 6 years.  June, 2005, was above normal with two named tropical
  storms forming, yielding a NTC figure of 4.40%.  The average NTC for
  June is 2.25%, so tropical cyclone activity in June was about twice
  the average.  (See the Monthly Feature in the June, 2003, summary for
  the definition of NTC.)  Tropical Storm Arlene formed during the second
  week of June in the northwestern Caribbean Sea, a favored area for June
  tropical cyclogenesis.   Arlene moved northward across the western tip
  of Cuba into the eastern Gulf of Mexico where it intensified to near
  hurricane status.   Weakening slightly, the cyclone made landfall on
  the Alabama coast almost exactly where the eye of destructive Hurricane
  Ivan had crashed ashore nine months earlier.   Arlene brought heavy
  tropical rainfall to many of the southeastern states, but damage was
  minimal.   Late in the month, small, ephemeral Tropical Storm Bret
  popped up in the Bay of Campeche and quickly made landfall in Mexico.

     Another late June system deserves some mention.   A small surface
  LOW formed on 24 June off the southeastern U. S. coast due to the
  interaction between an upper-level trough and a vigorous tropical wave.
  On the morning of the 25th the LOW appeared better organized as it
  moved north-northwestward toward the Carolinas.  A reconnaissance plane
  investigated the system during the afternoon but found that it was less
  organized than it had appeared in satellite imagery.   Either this LOW
  redeveloped, or else another one formed, near the eastern coast of
  North Carolina between Morehead City and Cape Hatteras on the morning
  of 26 June.   Surface observations indicated maximum sustained winds
  of around 20 kts with gusts to 30 kts along the coast and to the east
  of the center.  The system subsequently moved north-northeastward
  through coastal North Carolina and back out to sea, but no further
  development was noted.

     Reports on Tropical Storms Arlene and Bret follow.

                          TROPICAL STORM ARLENE
                               8 - 13 June

  A. Storm Origins

     The six-month Atlantic hurricane season officially begins each year
  on 1 June, and in 2005 there was not a long wait before the first named
  tropical cyclone appeared.  On 7 June the 1530 UTC Tropical Weather
  Outlook issued by TPC/NHC noted that an increase in clouds and shower
  activity had been noted over Central America and the western Caribbean
  Sea, and that surface pressures had been slowly falling in the area.
  A broad area of low pressure formed later in the day and began moving
  slowly northward.    By midday on the 8th surface observations and
  satellite imagery indicated that the system was becoming better
  organized and that a tropical depression appeared to be forming.

     During the early afternoon of 8 June, a U. S. Air Force Reserves
  reconnaissance aircraft found a poorly-defined circulation center with
  light and variable winds and a minimum CP of 1004 mb located about
  275 nm south of the western tip of Cuba.  Maximum FLWs of about 25-30 kts
  were mostly confined to convective bands well-removed from the center in
  the eastern semicircle.  Based upon this, advisories were initiated at
  2100 UTC on Tropical Depression 01.  During the evening of the 8th and
  early on 9 June the depression lumbered slowly northward, its development
  hampered somewhat by southwesterly shear associated with a sharp upper-
  level trough to the west.   During the wee hours of the 9th ship 3FFL8
  reported 40-kt winds while located about 130 nm east-northeast of the
  cyclone's center.  Although this report was considered slightly too
  high, it nonetheless provided the basis for upgrading the depression to
  Tropical Storm Arlene at 1200 UTC.  The center of the newly-christened
  tropical storm was located about 165 nm south-southeast of the western
  tip of Cuba, moving northward at about 8 kts.

  B. Synoptic History

     For the first 24 hours after being named Arlene remained rather
  ragged-looking.  Wind shear continued to affect the system and the
  LLCC became separated from the convection.  During the evening of 9 June
  satellite imagery and reconnaissance data indicated that multiple small
  circulations were rotating inside a larger well-defined outer cyclonic
  envelope.  As it plodded northward Arlene looked in satellite imagery
  like half of a cyclone.  Very dry air associated with the trough to the
  west had essentially squelched convection on the western side of the
  system.  At 0900 UTC on 10 June Arlene passed over the extreme western
  tip of Cuba.  Shortly after entering the southeastern Gulf of Mexico
  Arlene strengthened significantly.   A Hurricane Hunter aircraft at
  1130 UTC reported a peak 850-mb FLW of 65 kts about 110 nm northeast of
  the center, so the MSW was upped to 50 kts at 1500 UTC.

     Tropical Storm Arlene reached its peak intensity of 60 kts at 0000
  UTC on 11 June.  A reconnaissance plane found a peak 850-mb FLW of 75 kts
  and a CP of 989 mb within a new but stronger low-level vortex that had
  developed beneath a deep convective burst rotating cyclonically around
  the east and north side of the larger cyclonic gyre.  Arlene was centered
  at this time about 250 nm south-southeast of Pensacola, Florida, and
  moving north-northwestward at 16 kts.  By early morning on the 11th
  satellite imagery indicated that Arlene's convection had become rather
  disorganized with no new significant convective bursts to replace the
  one which had carried the cyclone to its peak intensity.  The MSW was
  officially reduced to 50 kts at 11/1800 UTC with the cyclone's center
  approaching the Alabama coast near Gulf Shores.

     The center of Arlene's large circulation crossed the coastline around
  1900 UTC on 11 June.  The CP reported by a reconnaissance aircraft just
  before landfall was 991 mb.  Hurricane warnings had been issued for
  portions of the central Gulf Coast in the event that Arlene reached
  hurricane intensity, but this did not materialize.  Once inland Arlene's
  winds began to quickly drop and the system was downgraded to tropical
  depression status at 12/0000 UTC while passing near Jackson, Alabama.
  The final advisory from TPC/NHC was issued at 12/0300 UTC, and the
  concurrent discussion bulletin noted that surprisingly Arlene's
  satellite and radar signatures had both improved and looked better than
  at any time while the cyclone was over water.  Beginning at 0900 UTC
  the Hydrometeorological Prediction Center in Maryland assumed the
  responsibility for writing advisories on the weakening Arlene.  The
  cyclone's remnants tracked northward through western Alabama, across
  Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, and finally into southern Michigan.
  By 2100 UTC on 13 June the depression had lost all its semblance of
  tropical characteristics and was declared extratropical while located
  about 65 km northeast of Flint, Michigan, and heading for Lake Huron.

     A graphic displaying the track of Tropical Storm Arlene may be
  found at the following link:>

  C. Meteorological Observations

     Only storm totals exceeding 4 inches (~100 mm) are listed.  The
  first group are totals from Cuba (CU) with the city (and sometimes
  Cuban state) listed.   The United States totals are grouped by state
  in alphabetical order.   A special thanks to David Roth of the
  Hydrometeorological Prediction Center for sending me the master
  Excel spreadsheet for Arlene rainfalls from which the following
  were extracted.

       City/Location                              Lat   Lon  Storm Total
                                                   N     W   (in)   (mm)
  CU   La Fe, Isla De La Juventud                21.7  82.8  8.18  207.8
  CU   Pinar del Rio                             ----  ----  7.40  188.0
  CU   Cuba Francia                              ----  ----  6.56  166.6
  CU   Sancti Spiritus, Sancti Spiritus          21.9  79.5  6.11  155.2
  CU   Santa Fe                                  ----  ----  6.00  152.4
  CU   Punta del Este                            ----  ----  5.63  143.0
  CU   Paso Real De San Diego, Pinar Del Rio     22.6  83.3  5.39  136.9
  CU   La Palma, Pinar Del Rio                   22.8  83.6  4.67  118.6
  CU   San Juan Y Martinez, Pinar Del Rio        22.3  83.8  4.65  118.1
  CU   Bahia Honda, Pinar Del Rio                22.9  83.2  4.41  112.0

  AL   MILLERS FERRY L&D                         32.1  87.4  6.77  172.0
  AL   MOBILE 2S                                 ----  ----  5.81  147.6
  AL   MOBILE NWS OFFICE                         ----  ----  5.06  128.5
  AL   MOBILE REG AP-ASOS                        30.7  88.2  4.67  118.6
  AL   ALBERTA                                   32.2  87.4  4.60  116.8
  AL   NEWBERN                                   32.6  87.6  4.60  116.8
  AL   JASPER                                    33.9  87.3  4.35  110.5
  AL   LIVINGSTON 1SSW                           32.6  88.2  4.20  106.7
  AL   UNIONTOWN                                 32.5  87.5  4.20  106.7
  AL   TUSCALOOSA L&D                            33.2  87.6  4.18  106.2
  AL   DEMOPOLIS LOCK/DAM                        32.5  87.9  4.07  103.4

  FL   APOPKA                                    28.6  81.6  6.50  165.1
  FL   NAPLES                                    26.2  81.8  6.21  157.7
  FL   DOWLING PK-SUWANNE R                      30.2  83.2  5.75  146.1
  FL   TYNDALL AFB/PANAMA CITY 8SE               30.1  85.6  5.48  139.2
  FL   MARY ESTHER                               30.4  86.7  5.42  137.7
  FL   ROCK_ISLAND_4N                            26.2  81.4  5.34  135.6
  FL   STEINHATCHEE                              29.7  83.4  5.07  128.8
  FL   MONROE_15NE/RACOON PT                     26.0  81.3  4.95  125.7
  FL   SWEETWATER_14WSW                          25.7  80.6  4.95  125.7
  FL   HOMESTEAD                                 25.5  80.5  4.91  124.7
  FL   DOWLING PARK                              30.3  83.3  4.81  122.2
  FL   DUNEDIN                                   28.1  82.8  4.75  120.7
  FL   FORT_MYERS                                26.6  81.9  4.75  120.7
  FL   RICHMOND HGTS 13W/CHEKIKA                 25.6  80.6  4.68  118.9
  FL   PLYMOUTH                                  28.8  81.5  4.66  118.4
  FL   TAMIAMI RANGER STN                        25.8  80.8  4.66  118.4
  FL   SUWANNEE 7ENE                             29.4  83.0  4.52  114.8
  FL   PACE                                      30.6  87.1  4.42  112.3
  FL   BIG CYPRESS                               26.3  81.0  4.35  110.5
  FL   OLDSMAR 3ENE/DBL BR                       28.1  82.6  4.30  109.2
  FL   DAYTONA_BEACH                             29.2  81.1  4.29  109.0
  FL   JAY                                       30.8  87.1  4.29  109.0
  FL   HOMESTEAD GEN AV APT                      25.5  80.6  4.20  106.7
  FL   HOMESTEAD AFB                             25.5  80.4  4.18  106.2
  FL   FT MEADE-PEACE RVR                        27.8  81.8  4.17  105.9
  FL   MIAMI INTL ARPT ASOS                      25.8  80.3  4.08  103.6
  FL   PINELLAS PK/ST JOE C                      27.8  82.7  4.05  102.9
  FL   CLEWISTON NO. 2                           26.7  81.1  4.00  101.6
  FL   ALLIGATOR CK/CLRWTR                       28.0  82.7  3.99  101.3
  GA   PINE MOUNTAIN                             35.0  83.2  6.10  154.9
  GA   HELEN 7N/USFS                             34.8  83.7  5.40  137.2
  GA   CLAYTON 4NE                               34.9  83.3  5.31  134.9
  GA   MOUNTAIN CITY 2SW/BLACK ROCK MTN ST PK    34.9  83.4  5.24  133.1
  GA   CHOESTOE                                  34.8  83.9  4.93  125.2
  GA   SAUTEE 3W                                 34.7  83.7  4.59  116.6
  GA   NACOOCHEE-GA PWR                          34.7  83.7  4.27  108.5
  GA   CRISP COUNTY DAM                          31.9  84.0  4.12  104.6

  IN   EVANSVILLE                                38.0  87.5  4.44  112.8
  IN   BLOOMINGTON                               39.1  86.6  4.22  107.2
  IN   MEROM 2ESE                                39.1  87.5  4.00  101.6

  MS   ABERDEEN L&D/TOMB RVR                     33.8  88.5  6.19  157.2
  MS   FULTON L&D C                              34.3  88.4  5.99  152.1
  MS   FULTON                                    34.3  88.5  5.55  141.0
  MS   AMORY LOCK A                              34.0  88.5  5.51  140.0
  MS   DAMASCUS 1SE/OKATIBBEE CK                 32.6  88.8  5.50  139.7
  MS   MACON-NOXUBEE RIVER                       33.1  88.6  5.30  134.6
  MS   COLUMBUS L&D/TOMB RVR                     33.5  88.5  5.27  133.9
  MS   COLUMBUS/WEST POINT                       33.5  88.6  5.16  131.1
  MS   COLLINSVILLE                              32.4  88.8  5.08  129.0
  MS   MERIDIAN_10NW/OKATIBBEE RSVR              32.5  88.8  4.96  126.0
  MS   BALDWYN 2S                                34.5  88.6  4.88  124.0
  MS   TOPTON                                    32.5  88.6  4.69  119.1
  MS   SMITHVILLE LOCK B                         34.1  88.4  4.63  117.6
  MS   SHUCKTOWN 1N                              32.6  88.8  4.60  116.8
  MS   BAY SPRINGS L/D                           34.5  88.3  4.45  113.0
  MS   BOONEVILLE/BIG BROWN CK                   34.7  88.6  4.34  110.2
  MS   CHUNKY_1E/CHUNKY RVR                      32.3  88.9  4.17  105.9
  MS   PASCAGOULA                                30.5  88.5  4.09  103.9
  NC   LAKE TOXAWAY                              35.1  83.0  9.84  249.9
  NC   HIGHLANDS                                 35.1  83.2  7.83  198.9
  NC   MT MITCHELL ST PK                         35.8  82.3  6.46  164.1
  SC   CAESARS HEAD                              35.1  82.6  4.85  123.2
  SC   WALHALLA 5NW                              34.8  83.1  4.72  119.9
  TN   SPRINGFIELD EXPERIMENT STATION            36.5  86.8  4.01  101.9

  D. Damage and Casualties

     Damage resulting from Tropical Storm Arlene was minimal.  There was
  one death reported--a student drowned in a rip current triggered by
  Arlene at Miami Beach, Florida.

  (Report written by Gary Padgett)

                           TROPICAL STORM BRET
                              28 - 30 June

  A. Storm Origins

     Bret's origins appear to lie in a tropical wave with an associated
  weak area of surface low pressure which crossed portions of Central
  America and the Yucatan Peninsula from 24-27 June.  For several days
  disturbed weather covered extensive portions of the western and central
  Caribbean Sea and extended northward and northeastward across Florida
  and the Bahamas.   By the afternoon of the 27th the activity across
  Central America had weakened and tropical storm formation was not
  expected in the region during the next couple of days.   However, a
  Tropical Weather Outlook issued at 28/0230 UTC noted that convective
  activity in the Bay of Campeche associated with a trough of low pressure
  had increased during the evening hours and the currently unfavorable
  upper-level winds were forecast to become somewhat more conducive to
  tropical cyclogenesis during the next day or two.

     As the 28th progressed showers and thunderstorms continued to
  increase around the area of surface low pressure.  A reconnaissance
  aircraft during the afternoon found that a tropical depression very near
  tropical storm strength had developed, located about 50 nm northeast of
  Veracruz, Mexico.   A few spots of FLWs over 40 kts were found,
  indicating that the system was on the verge of becoming a tropical storm.
  The very small LLCC was moving west-northwestward at about 5 kts.   A
  second reconnaissance mission into the system during the early evening
  hours found that the system had continued to intensify, and at 0000 UTC
  on 29 June the depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Bret.  This
  was the first occasion since 1986 in which two Atlantic tropical storms
  formed during the month of June, and only the 13th time since 1851.
  Bret was a very small tropical cyclone--the reconnaissance aircraft
  found the maximum FLWs only 3 nm southwest of the center.  Gales
  associated with Bret covered an area only 50-60 nm in diameter.

  B. Synoptic History

     By late evening a reconnaissance mission found that Bret's radar
  presentation had deteriorated with cloud top temperatures warming
  somewhat.   However, deeper convection soon began to appear and for
  most of the overnight period Bret maintained a fairly tight convective
  band in the western semicircle.   Dvorak classifications at 29/0600 UTC
  were T2.5 from TAFB and SAB.   Bret remained a minimal tropical storm
  with peak winds of 35 kts until landfall near Tuxpan, Mexico, around
  1200 UTC.  The minimum CP reported by reconnaissance aircraft was
  1002 mb during the evening of 28 June.  Bret was downgraded to a tropical
  depression at 1500 UTC as it continued to push further inland into
  Mexico.  The weakening cyclone turned to a north-northwesterly course,
  and the final advisory, issued at 0300 UTC on 30 June, placed the center
  about 65 km west of Tampico, Mexico.

     A graphic displaying the track of Tropical Storm Bret may be found at
  the following link:>

  C. Meteorological Observations

     I have one rainfall observation from Mexico, sent by Huang Chunliang.
  Tuxpan, Veracruz State (WMO 76640, 20.95N/97.40W), reported 117.4 mm of
  rain between 28/1200 and 29/1200 UTC.

  D. Damage and Casualties

     Rainfall from Tropical Storm Bret produced flooding in the State of
  Veracruz.  In the town of Naranjos two people were reportedly swept away
  by floodwaters.  No other reports of damage or casualties resulting from
  Tropical Storm Bret are available.

  (Report written by Gary Padgett)


  NORTHEAST PACIFIC (NEP) - North Pacific Ocean East of Longitude 180

  Activity for June:  2 tropical storms

                       Sources of Information

     Most of the information presented below was obtained from the
  various tropical cyclone products issued by the Tropical Prediction
  Center/National Hurricane Center (TPC/NHC) in Miami, Florida (or the
  Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) in Honolulu, Hawaii, for
  locations west of longitude 140W):  discussions, public advisories,
  forecast/advisories, tropical weather outlooks, special tropical
  disturbance statements, etc.  Some additional information may have
  been gleaned from the monthly summaries prepared by the hurricane
  specialists and available on TPC/NHC's website.  All references to
  sustained winds imply a 1-minute averaging period unless otherwise

                Northeast Pacific Tropical Activity for June

     June tropical cyclone activity was well below normal in the Eastern
  North Pacific during June, 2005.   The June averages for this basin are
  (based on 1971-2004) 2 named storms and 1 hurricane with an intense
  hurricane (Saffir/Simpson Category 3 or higher) in about two years out
  of five.   Two tropical storms formed in June, 2005, but neither reached
  hurricane intensity.  The average NTC for June in this basin is 10.3%,
  but the NTC for this year was only 2.8%--about 25% of the average for
  June.    Tropical Storms Beatriz and Calvin formed south of the Mexican
  coast and moved westward without producing any significant effects on
  land.   Short reports on both these systems follow.

                          TROPICAL STORM BEATRIZ
                               21 - 24 June

     Tropical Storm Beatriz was the first in a series of weak, short-lived
  tropical storms which formed south of central Mexico during late June
  and early July.  All these tropical cyclones formed in an environment
  of easterly shear which prevented rapid strengthening.  And with cooler-
  than-normal SSTs south of the Baja California Peninsula, none were able
  to reach hurricane intensity before encountering sub-26 C water and its
  attendant stable air.

     Beatriz formed from a tropical wave which had entered the Eastern
  North Pacific from Central America.  The system became a tropical
  depression (TD-02E) at 1800 UTC on 21 June while located approximately
  375 nm south-southeast of Manzanillo, Mexico.    The depression
  strengthened slowly while moving west-northwestward well south of the
  Mexican coastline.   By 1200 UTC on 22 June a well-defined deep
  convective band was consolidating in the northern semicircle of the
  large circulation, and Dvorak classifications were a consensus T2.5;
  hence, the depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Beatriz while
  located about 275 nm south-southwest of Manzanillo.   At 1200 UTC a ship
  (9VVN) reported 30-kt winds just southeast of the center and outside
  the deep convection, so it was considered likely that winds were slightly
  stronger beneath the convection.

     Beatriz reached its peak intensity of 45 kts at 0000 UTC on 23 June
  while centered approximately 475 nm south-southeast of Cabo San Lucas
  on the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula.  A healthy burst
  of convection had developed over or near the LLCC during the preceding
  few hours, producing a nice round CDO feature.   Even though T-numbers
  were up to 3.5 (55 kts) at 0600 UTC, the coverage of the deep convection
  subsequently began to diminish.  A TRMM overpass near 0700 UTC revealed
  a sheared system with the estimated center beneath the eastern side of
  the deep convection.   The MSW was decreased to 40 kts at 23/1800 UTC,
  and six hours later Beatriz was downgraded to a tropical depression.
  By 1200 UTC on 24 June the cyclone had become a remnant swirl of low
  clouds centered about 350 nm south-southwest of Cabo San Lucas and
  slightly more than 100 nm west-southwest of Socorro Island.

     A graphic displaying the track of Tropical Storm Beatriz may be found
  at the following link:>

     No damage or casualties were reported as a result of Tropical Storm

  (Report written by Gary Padgett)

                          TROPICAL STORM CALVIN
                               26 - 29 June

     A tropical wave crossed Central America and entered the Eastern North
  Pacific on 21 June.  The associated area of disturbed weather moved
  slowly westward for several days as it very gradually became better
  organized.  The system was classified as a tropical depression (TD-03E)
  at 1800 UTC on 26 June while located about 225 nm southeast of Acapulco,
  Mexico.  A 27/0449 UTC AMSU overpass indicated that the LLCC was to the
  southeast of the main convective cloud mass and the well-defined mid-
  level circulation center.  However, all three satellite agencies were
  estimating the intensity at 35 kts, so TD-03E was upgraded to Tropical
  Storm Calvin at 27/0600 UTC while centered a little less than 200 nm
  southeast of Acapulco.  Also, the most recent UW-CIMSS 3-hour average
  AODT estimate was 36 kts.

     As seen in satellite imagery the deep convection was not well-
  organized; however, radar images from the Comision Nacional del Agua
  Acapulco revealed a rather well-defined spiral rain band structure.
  Based on this the MSW was upped to the peak intensity of 45 kts at 1500
  UTC on 27 June.  Calvin's center was then located roughly 100 nm south-
  southwest of Acapulco.   During the evening hours Calvin's satellite and
  radar presentations deteriorated significantly:  cloud tops had warmed
  and the banding seen earlier had all but disappeared.     Also, two
  microwave passes near 28/0100 UTC indicated that the LLCC was about
  50 nm to the southeast of the mid-level circulation center.   The MSW
  was lowered to 40 kts at 28/0000 UTC, and further to 35 kts at 0300 UTC.

     The system subsequently began to track to the southwest as it weakened
  to a tropical depression at 28/2100 UTC.  High-resolution visible imagery
  showed that Calvin was in the process of degenerating into an east-west
  elongated trough.  The final advisory was issued at 29/0300 UTC, by which
  time Calvin had degenerated into a cloud swirl embedded within a larger
  elongated trough.  The final position was about 250 nm south-southwest
  of Manzanillo.   For a couple more days the remnant circulation, embedded
  within a broader area of low pressure, continued to move toward the west-
  northwest while producing intermittent bursts of deep but disorganized

     A graphic displaying the track of Tropical Storm Calvin may be found
  at the following link:>
     No damage or casualties were reported as a result of Tropical Storm
  Calvin.  The proximity of the cyclone to the coast, however, resulted in
  the posting of tropical storm watches along portions of the Mexico coast-
  line on 27 and 28 June.

  (Report written by Gary Padgett)


  NORTHWEST PACIFIC (NWP) - North Pacific Ocean West of Longitude 180

  Activity for June:  1 typhoon

                          Sources of Information

     Most of the information presented below is based upon tropical
  cyclone warnings and significant tropical weather outlooks issued
  by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center of the U. S. Air Force and
  Navy (JTWC), located at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.   In the companion
  tropical cyclone tracks file, I normally annotate track coordinates
  from some of the various Asian warning centers when their center
  positions differ from JTWC's by usually 40-50 nm or more.   All
  references to sustained winds imply a 1-minute averaging period
  unless otherwise noted.

     Michael V. Padua of Naga City in the Philippines, owner of the
  Typhoon 2000 website, normally sends me cyclone tracks based upon
  warnings issued by the Japanese Meteorological Agency (JMA) and the
  Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical & Astronomical Services
  Administration (PAGASA).  Also, Huang Chunliang of Fuzhou City, China,
  sends data taken from synoptic observations around the Northwest
  Pacific basin.  A very special thanks to Michael and Chunliang for
  the assistance they so reliably provide.

     In the title line for each storm I have referenced all the cyclone
  names/numbers I have available:   JTWC's depression number, the 
  JMA-assigned name (if any), JMA's tropical storm numeric designator,
  and PAGASA's name for systems forming in or passing through their
  area of warning responsibility.

                Northwest Pacific Tropical Activity for June

     No tropical cyclones actually formed in the Northwest Pacific basin
  during June, 2005.   A tropical storm (TS-04W) had formed in late May,
  and on 1 June was upgraded to tropical storm status by JMA and assigned
  the name Nesat.   Nesat (named Dante by PAGASA) went on to become an
  intense typhoon which peaked just under the super typhoon criterion
  of 130 kts.   Typhoon Nesat/Dante followed a long trajectory from its
  birthplace south of Guam, recurving well east of the Philippines and
  eventually passing southeast of Japan.  A report on Nesat, authored by
  Kevin Boyle, follows.

                            TYPHOON NESAT
                      (TC-04W / TY 0504 / DANTE)
                          30 May - 14 June

  Nesat: contributed by Cambodia, means 'fishing' (i.e., the verb
         'to fish')

  A. Introduction

     Nesat was the third Western North Pacific tropical cyclone of 2005
  to reach typhoon intensity.  It became a very intense storm, peaking at
  125 kts, the strongest of the year so far.  The only active tropical
  cyclone in June, Nesat followed a very similar recurving track to that
  followed by Typhoon Sonca in late April and proved to be noteworthy for
  its resilience.

  B. Storm Origins

     The disturbance that became Typhoon Nesat was first mentioned in
  JTWC's STWO at 2130 UTC 27 May when it was located approximately 860 nm
  southeast of Guam.     Despite a light wind shear environment and a
  favourably-placed TUTT, the system remained dormant until late on the
  29th when it began to organize.  After further development, a TCFA was
  released, followed by the first warning at 30/0600 UTC.  At this time,
  Tropical Depression 04W was centred 280 nm southeast of Guam, drifting
  slowly west-northwestward along the southern periphery of the mid-level
  steering ridge.  Intensifying, it reached tropical storm intensity at
  30/1800 UTC.  The tropical cyclone maintained 35-kt winds through much
  of the 31st while exhibiting a partially-exposed LLCC.

  C. Synoptic History

     More rapid strengthening occurred on 1 June and, after JMA upgraded
  their MSW to 45 kts at 0000 UTC 1 June, the newly christened Nesat was
  upgraded to a typhoon at 01/1200 UTC (per JTWC warnings) while located
  approximately 310 nm west-southwest of Guam.  Nesat then underwent an
  explosive deepening phase which brought the intensity up to 115 kts by
  02/0000 UTC.  Intensification then abruptly ceased and the system began
  to slowly weaken on 3 June, apparently due to moderate easterly shear
  and restricted poleward outflow.  However, the typhoon began to rapidly
  strengthen once more later that day, and aided by favourable interaction
  with a TUTT cell centred 600 nm to the east, rapidly intensified to
  125 kts at 04/0000 UTC, just shy of becoming the first super typhoon of
  the year.  This was to be the peak intensity of the tropical cyclone.
  At this time, Typhoon Nesat was centred about 720 nm south-southeast of
  Okinawa and was still plodding along towards the west-northwest at
  around 6 kts.  (PAGASA had already assigned the name Dante, the fourth
  name from their list, after the cyclone had crossed longitude 135 degrees
  east shortly after 02/1800 UTC.)

     Typhoon Nesat/Dante began to steadily weaken on 4 June as it turned
  rather sharply northwards around the western extremity of the mid-level
  steering ridge.  Animated satellite imagery indicated that the northern
  semicircle had eroded significantly in association with a large area of
  convergence aloft.  Also, weak northeasterly shear was displacing the
  deep convection slightly to the southwest of the LLCC.  However, after
  the MSW had levelled off at 90 kts at 1200 UTC 5 June, poleward outflow
  began to improve and Typhoon Nesat began its third and final
  strengthening phase which brought the intensity back up to 120 kts at
  06/1800 UTC.   In response to a brief enhancement of the steering ridge
  in association with the passage of a mid-latitude shortwave ridge, Nesat
  moved onto a more northerly heading at 07/0000 UTC, and the storm,
  centred approximately 410 nm southeast of Okinawa, began to feel the
  effects of dry air and increasing shear.
     The slow northward drift persisted on 7 June.  On the 8th steering
  currents became increasingly influenced by a mid-latitude trough over
  China, and this feature guided Nesat back onto a northeasterly heading.
  Typhoon Nesat weakened rather quickly and was downgraded to a tropical
  storm at 0000 UTC 9 June while located approximately 520 nm south-
  southwest of Tokyo, Japan.  JTWC issued the final warning at 10/0000 UTC,
  locating the centre of the extratropical system 310 nm south of Tokyo.
  JMA maintained Nesat as a tropical cyclone until 11/0600 UTC, when that 
  agency also ended warning coverage.  Typhoon Nesat's remnants accelerated
  northeastward and were last noted as a 35-kt LOW in the vicinity of the
  Aleutian Islands in the High Seas Bulletin issued at 14/0600 UTC.

     JMA, PAGASA, and the CWB of Taiwan all estimated peak winds of 95 kts
  (10-min avg) while the lowest CP estimated by JMA was 930 mb.   NMCC's
  peak wind estimate was higher at 110 kts (10-min avg).

     A graphic displaying the track of Typhoon Nesat may be found at
  the following link:>

  D. Damage and Casualties

     There were no reports of damages or casualties associated with
  Typhoon Nesat/Dante.

  (Report written by Kevin Boyle)


  NORTH INDIAN OCEAN (NIO) - Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea

  Activity for June:  2 depressions

               North Indian Ocean Tropical Activity for June

     Two depressions were identified by IMD during the month of June, 2005.
  One formed over the northeastern Arabian Sea on 21 June just off the
  Saurrashtra coast near Porbandar.   The system moved westward and by
  1200 UTC on 22 June was centered approximately 135 nm west of Porbandar.
  This depression was accompanied by intense convection initially, but
  apparently began to weaken late on the 22nd.  No mention of it was made
  in the IMD Tropical Weather Outlook for 23 June.  The other system formed
  at the end of the month over the northwestern Bay of Bengal and adjacent
  land areas.  This depression for the most part remained over land and
  persisted for over a week, producing copious amounts of rainfall.  A
  report on this land depression, compiled by Huang Chunliang, follows.
  (Neither of the above systems were classified by JTWC nor assigned
  invest numbers by NRL.)

                           OVERLAND DEPRESSION
                            27 June - 6 July

     Following is a report sent by Huang Chunliang describing an overland
  depression which formed over the northwestern Bay of Bengal and adjacent
  land areas in late June and which was responsible for heavy rainfalls
  in several Indian states.   A special thanks to Chunliang for preparing
  and sending the report.

  A. Introduction (Time in Local Time Zone, i.e. UTC+5.5 hrs)

     A low-pressure area formed over northwestern Bay of Bengal and
  adjoining Gangetic West Bengal and northern Orissa on the 27th.  It
  became well-marked in the evening that day.  Moving northwestwards, the
  system concentrated into a depression and lay over Jharkhand and
  adjoining Gangetic West Bengal close to Jamshedpur on the 28th & 29th.
  The depression moved slowly west-northwestwards and lay over Jharkhand
  and neighbouring areas with its centre close to Daltonganj on the 30th.
  Moving further west-northwestwards, it was seen over northeastern Madhya
  Pradesh and adjoining southeastern Uttar Pradesh with its centre close
  to Rewa on the 1st of July and close to Khajuraho on the 2nd.  The
  system remained virtually stationary on the 3rd & 4th and lay close to
  Banda in southeastern Uttar Pradesh on the 5th.  It further moved west-
  northwestwards and weakened into a well-marked low-pressure area over
  southwestern Uttar Pradesh and adjoining East Rajasthan on the 6th.  The
  well-marked low-pressure area further weakened into a low-pressure area
  over northeastern Rajasthan and adjoining Haryana on the 7th.  It became
  less marked on the 8th.  (Slightly edited from the INDIA METEOROLOGICAL

  (Note: I've never seen IMD keep an overland system in depression status
  for so many days (more than a week indeed!!!), though neither NRL nor
  JTWC ever mentioned the system.)

  B. Daily Track from IMD

  27/03Z   LPA          -----------   Over Northwestern BOB
  28/03Z   Depression   23.0N 86.0E   Near JAMSHEDPUR(WMO 42798)
  29/03Z   Depression   23.0N 86.0E   Near JAMSHEDPUR(WMO 42798)
  30/03Z   Depression   24.0N 84.0E   Near DALTONGANJ(WMO 42587)
  01/03Z   Depression   24.5N 81.5E   Near REWA(WMO 42574)
  02/03Z   Depression   25.0N 80.0E   Near KHAJURAHO(WMO 42567)
  03/03Z   Depression   25.0N 80.0E   Near KHAJURAHO(WMO 42567)
  04/03Z   Depression   25.0N 80.0E   Near KHAJURAHO(WMO 42567)
  05/03Z   Depression   25.5N 80.5E   Near BANDA(WMO 42473)
  06/03Z   LPA          -----------   Over Southwestern UTTAR PRADESH

  (Note: The IMD bulletins didn't specify cyclone positions in digits, but
  with nearby cities/stations for overland systems.  I just looked up the
  lat. & lon. for the five above-mentioned WMO stations and pinpointed
  them to the nearest half degree.)

  C. Rainfall Obs from India (only daily amounts >= 10 cm listed)

  Kalaikunda, WEST BENGAL              10 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Durgachak, WEST BENGAL               16 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Thakurmunda, ORISSA                  38 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Telkoi, ORISSA                       36 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Palahara, ORISSA                     34 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Swampatna, ORISSA                    18 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Deogarh, ORISSA                      16 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Jetpur, ORISSA                       15 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Rengali, ORISSA                      15 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Karanjia, ORISSA                     14 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Balasore, ORISSA                     13 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Baripada, ORISSA                     11 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Joshipur, ORISSA                     11 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Keonjhargarh, ORISSA                 11 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Komna, ORISSA                        11 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Soro, ORISSA                         11 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Akhuapada, ORISSA                    10 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Bhogari, ORISSA                      10 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Kamakhya Nagar, ORISSA               10 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Talcher, ORISSA                      10 cm   [27/03-28/03Z]
  Magra, WEST BENGAL                   10 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Pallahara, ORISSA                    30 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Deogarh, ORISSA                      18 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Joshipur, ORISSA                     18 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Champua, ORISSA                      17 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Ambabonda, ORISSA                    13 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Hirakund, ORISSA                     12 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Jamankira, ORISSA                    12 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Kuchinda, ORISSA                     12 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Karanjia, ORISSA                     11 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Sambalpur, ORISSA                    11 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Sundergarh, ORISSA                   11 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Keonjhargarh, ORISSA                 10 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Panposh, ORISSA                      10 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Rairangpur, ORISSA                   10 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Bilaspur, CHHATTISGARH               28 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Raigarh, CHHATTISGARH                19 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Kalaghora, CHHATTISGARH              12 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Jajgir, CHHATTISGARH                 10 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Sakti, CHHATTISGARH                  10 cm   [28/03-29/03Z]
  Ambikapur, CHHATTISGARH              17 cm   [29/03-30/03Z]
  Jajgir, CHHATTISGARH                 12 cm   [29/03-30/03Z]
  Champa, CHHATTISGARH                 12 cm   [29/03-30/03Z]
  Dongargarh, CHHATTISGARH             11 cm   [29/03-30/03Z]
  Jaspurnagar, CHHATTISGARH            10 cm   [30/03-01/03Z]
  Satna, MADHYA PRADESH                19 cm   [01/03-02/03Z]
  Banda, MADHYA PRADESH                26 cm   [02/03-03/03Z]
  Satna, MADHYA PRADESH                19 cm   [02/03-03/03Z]
  Katni, MADHYA PRADESH                14 cm   [02/03-03/03Z]
  Sagar, MADHYA PRADESH                12 cm   [02/03-03/03Z]
  Rewa, MADHYA PRADESH                 11 cm   [02/03-03/03Z]
  Sagar, MADHYA PRADESH                48 cm   [03/03-04/03Z]
  Patan, MADHYA PRADESH                21 cm   [03/03-04/03Z]
  Jabalpur, MADHYA PRADESH             16 cm   [03/03-04/03Z]
  Katni, MADHYA PRADESH                14 cm   [03/03-04/03Z]
  Narsinghpur, MADHYA PRADESH          12 cm   [03/03-04/03Z]
  Tendukheda, MADHYA PRADESH           34 cm   [04/03-05/03Z]
  Garhakota, MADHYA PRADESH            23 cm   [04/03-05/03Z]
  Narsinghpur, MADHYA PRADESH          23 cm   [04/03-05/03Z]
  Patan, MADHYA PRADESH                19 cm   [04/03-05/03Z]
  Jabalpur, MADHYA PRADESH             17 cm   [04/03-05/03Z]
  Katni, MADHYA PRADESH                16 cm   [04/03-05/03Z]
  Panchmari, MADHYA PRADESH            13 cm   [04/03-05/03Z]
  Chipaboard, RAJASTHAN                13 cm   [05/03-06/03Z]
  Arnod, RAJASTHAN                     12 cm   [05/03-06/03Z]
  Malernandgaon, RAJASTHAN             11 cm   [05/03-06/03Z]
  Nagaur, RAJASTHAN                    11 cm   [05/03-06/03Z]
  Chabra, RAJASTHAN                    10 cm   [05/03-06/03Z]
  Bhora, MADHYA PRADESH                10 cm   [05/03-06/03Z]
  Jind, HARYANA                        17 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  Uchana, HARYANA                      14 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  Rohtak, HARYANA                      12 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  Narwana, HARYANA                     10 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  Bahadurgarh, RAJASTHAN               15 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  Govindgarh, RAJASTHAN                14 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  Ramgarh, RAJASTHAN                   13 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  Kishangarhwas, RAJASTHAN             12 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  Mandawar, RAJASTHAN                  12 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  Laxmangarh, RAJASTHAN                11 cm   [06/03-07/03Z]
  (Report compiled by Huang Chunliang)


  SOUTHWEST INDIAN OCEAN (SWI) - South Indian Ocean West of Longitude 90E

  Activity for June:  No tropical cyclones



  Activity for June:  No tropical cyclones



  Activity for June:  No tropical cyclones

                       Northeast Australia/Coral Sea
                        Tropical Activity for June

     No tropical or hybrid cyclones formed in Coral Sea waters during June,
  but an extreme rain event in southeastern Queensland and northeastern
  New South Wales at the end of the month is worth reporting.   I do not
  have available all the details of the synoptic situation which led to
  the torrential downpours, but a tropical airstream bringing in tons of
  moist, unstable air was involved.   An e-mail from Jeff Callaghan alluded
  to 24-hour totals of 510 mm (most falling in 12 hours) and hourly totals
  to 144 mm.   Michael Bath, who lives at McLeans Ridges, NSW, about 10 km
  up the Wilsons River from Lismore, reported that he recorded 450 mm in
  36 hours, with 265 mm in the 24 hours ending at 9:00 AM local time on
  30 June.  As much as 58 mm fell in 40 minutes on the morning of the 30th
  with 48 mm being recorded in 30 minutes the previous evening.  The
  central business district of Lismore was spared major flooding by a new
  $19 million levee which had been completed in April of 2005.  The Wilsons
  River there rose to 10.2 metres above normal levels.   Many places in
  the eastern half of the river's catchment area received 500 mm of rain.
  According to Simon Clarke, Cleveland (near Brisbane) recorded 345 mm of
  rain in five days with 266 mm falling in a 24-hour period.

     There were reports of two persons missing and one fatality due to the
  flooding.  According to Carl Smith, who lives on Queensland's Gold Coast,
  every suburb along the entire Gold Coast was suffering flooding, over
  70 arterial roads and highways were closed due to floods, no one could
  get anywhere, many businesses were closed as staff were unable to leave
  their homes to get to work, busses were not running, taxi services had
  stopped with many cabs having been washed away from the depot, emergency
  services were having real difficulty in attending hundreds of call outs,
  the hospital was running in emergency-only mode with just a skeleton
  staff, the airport was closed, etc.  (Carl, by the way, had some flooding
  problems in his own home from the torrential rainfall.)

     A special thanks to Jeff Callaghan, Michael Bath, Carl Smith, Phil
  Smith and Simon Clarke who contributed information regarding this
  remarkable rainfall and flooding event.


  SOUTH PACIFIC (SPA) - South Pacific Ocean East of Longitude 160E

  Activity for June:  No tropical cyclones



     The purpose of this section is to list some websites where many and
  varied types of tropical cyclone information are archived.  Many readers
  will know about these already, but for the benefit of those who don't,
  I wanted to include them. 

  (1) Aircraft Reconnaissance Information

     Various types of messages from reconnaissance aircraft may be
  retrieved from the following FTP site:>

     Information regarding how to interpret the coded reconnaissance
  messages may be found at the following URL:>

  Links are also included to websites with further information about the
  U. S. Air Force 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron and the NOAA Air-
  craft Operations Center.

  (2) Archived Advisories

     All the advisory products (public advisories, forecast/advisories,
  strike probabilities, discussions, various graphics) issued by TPC/NHC
  are archived on TPC's website.  For the current year (using 2004 as an
  example), the archived products can be found at:>

  Links to tropical products archives for earlier years are available at
  the following URL:>

  JTWC warnings for past storms are archived on the NRL Monterry website:>

  On the NRL site, the link to past years can be found in the upper left 
  corner of the screen.

     I am not aware at the moment of any other TCWC which archives all
  its tropical cyclone warning/advisory products for public access, but
  if I learn of any, I will add them to this list.

  (3) Satellite Imagery

     Satellite images of tropical cyclones in various sensor bands are
  available on the NRL Monterrey and University of Wisconsin websites,
  courtesy of Jeff Hawkins and Chris Velden and their associates.  The
  links are:>>

  On the NRL site, the link to past years can be found in the upper left 
  corner of the screen.  For the CIMSS site, a link to data archives is 
  located in the lower left portion of the screen.

     Additional tropical satellite imagery, along with looping ability for
  composite microwave imagery for the Western Hemisphere north of the
  equator, can be found at:

  (1) For the Eastern North Pacific:>

  (2) For the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea:>

     I'm sure there are other sites with available imagery available, and
  as I learn of them, I will add the links to this list.


                              EXTRA FEATURE

     In order to shorten the amount of typing in preparing the narrative
  material, I have been in the habit of freely using abbreviations and
  acronyms.   I have tried to define most of these with the first usage
  in a given summary, but I may have missed one now and then.  Most of
  these are probably understood by a majority of readers but perhaps a
  few aren't clear to some.  To remedy this I developed a Glossary of
  Abbreviations and Acronyms which I first included in the August, 1998
  summary.  I don't normally include the Glossary in most months in
  order to help keep them from being too long.  If anyone would like to
  receive a copy of the Glossary, please e-mail me and I'll be happy
  to send them a copy.


  AUTHOR'S NOTE:  This summary should be considered a very preliminary 
  overview of the tropical cyclones that occur in each month. The cyclone
  tracks (provided separately) will generally be based upon operational
  warnings issued by the various tropical cyclone warning centers.  The
  information contained therein may differ somewhat from the tracking and
  intensity information obtained from a "best-track" file which is based
  on a detailed post-seasonal analysis of all available data. Information
  on where to find official "best-track" files from the various warning
  centers will be passed along from time to time.

    The track files are not being sent via e-mail.  They can be retrieved
  from the archive sites listed below.  (Note: I do have a limited e-mail
  distribution list for the track files.    If anyone wishes to receive
  these via e-mail, please send me a message.)

    Both the summaries and the track files are standard text files
  created in DOS editor.  Download to disk and use a viewer such as
  Notepad or DOS editor to view the files.

     The first summary in this series covered the month of October,
  1997.   Back issues can be obtained from the following websites
  (courtesy of Michael Bath, Michael V. Padua, Michael Pitt, Chris
  Landsea, and John Diebolt):>>>>>

     Another website where much information about tropical cyclones may
  be found is the website for the UK Meteorological Office.  Their site
  contains a lot of statistical information about tropical cyclones
  globally on a monthly basis.  The URL is:>


     JTWC now has available on its website the Annual Tropical Cyclone
  Report (ATCR) for 2004 (2003-2004 season for the Southern Hemisphere).
  ATCRs for earlier years are available also.

     The URL is:>

     Also, TPC/NHC has available on its webpage nice "technicolor"
  tracking charts for the 2004 Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific
  tropical cyclones; also, storm reports for all the 2004 Atlantic
  and Eastern North Pacific cyclones are now available, as well as
  track charts and reports on storms from earlier years. 

     The URL is:>

     A special thanks to Michael Bath of McLeans Ridges, New South Wales,
  Australia, for assisting me with proofreading the summaries.


  Gary Padgett
  E-mail:  [email protected]
  Phone:  334-222-5327

  Kevin Boyle  (Eastern Atlantic, Western Northwest Pacific, South
                China Sea)
  E-mail:  [email protected]

  John Wallace (Assistance with Eastern North Pacific)
  E-mail:  [email protected]

  Huang Chunliang  (Assistance with Western Northwest Pacific, South
                    China Sea)
  E-mail:  [email protected]

  Simon Clarke  (Northeast Australia/Coral Sea, South Pacific)
  E-mail:  [email protected]


Document: summ0506.htm
Updated: 7th August, 2005

[Australian Severe Weather index] [Copyright Notice] [Email Contacts] [Search This Site]